Director: Aneesha Cheedalla
Topic A: Women and the Water Crisis
The fisheries sector is the largest growing sector in the agricultural economy, and fish stocks are currently being depleted at unsustainable levels. The disappearance of fish would affect a large portion of the world’s population that depends on fish as a source of nutrition. The main causes of depletion include overfishing, weak management, and increased demand, and the FAO is working with national governments to create solutions for these issues.
Topic B: Transboundary Threats
Transboundary threats are plant and animal diseases that are highly contagious and affect large populations of food sources and threaten food security, the economy, and public health in the region. Examples include avian flu, desert locust, and foot and mouth disease. They are a significant problem for the global agricultural sector because of the increasing ability for highly contagious animal and plant diseases to spread. The main causes that enable diseases to spread quickly include globalization, increase in trade, lower biological crop resistance, and climate change. The FAO is working with national governments and emergency systems to prevent and curb transboundary threats.